A favorite filler is dried peat, which is taken from some of the peat bogs, as at Manito, Illinois, and shipped in train loads to the fertilizer factories.
Laundry starch may be used in place of china clay, giving a filler which is somewhat easier of application than the clay filler because it does not settle.
It will be remembered that all open-grained woods require treatment with a paste filler before they are finished.
It needs to be treated with a paste filler and given two coats of varnish, well rubbed down.
The beginner will need to be cautioned again and again not to rub the filler all off or draw it out of the grain, but to rub it in as much as possible.
For a good quality of liquid filler it is safe to say that one pint will cover eight square yards with one coat.
It is evident that the dimensions of the filler determine the size of the cover; but, in planning the cover, care should be exercised to allow sufficient play for width, length, and thickness after all the cutting and sewing are done.
The coarse or open-grained woods require a filler with body enough to close up the pores of the wood and give that perfectly even surface necessary as a foundation for good finishing.
The slightest spot of glue remaining will keep the filler out of the wood and show through any kind of finish.
A practical question that the amateur finisher will ask is, how can one know in advance how much filler is needed for given pieces of work, and what will be its cost?
A good commercial filler or surfacer can be bought for $1.
The finest grained woods do not require the addition of any material to the filler to give body.
The cost varies greatly, depending upon the quality of the filler and whether it is home-made or obtained of a dealer.
Praise-dight filler of ravens, who every bay doth close, Hath out a teeming host of Danes, from the south all.
To make perfect the process of ordinary filling, shellac may be used as a filler either by itself or preparatory to other processes.
Since oil darkens wood, if wood is to be kept light, a filler without oil, as whiting and turpentine, should be used.
The filler should be applied after staining the wood and should be allowed to dry thoroly, say forty-eight hours, before it is covered with shellac or varnish.
But for fine painting, as carriage work, a filler is now used first, because a priming to be durable should unite with the wood, grasping the fibers and filling the pores, so that after coats cannot sink in.
On thin books the board filler may be dispensed with by reversing the backs of the books alternately, so as to distribute the thickness of the back on both sides of the pile.
The filler can be glued to the clamp and the books put directly under it.
There are several ways of producing Flemish finish; you can fill the wood with a paste filler strained with raw umber, and when dry apply a stain of transparent flat raw umber, and for the darker shades of finish use drop black with the umber.
Directions for its application will be found upon the cans in which the filler comes.
A filler must be rubbed well into the wood, the surplus only being removed.
Next apply a coat of filler colored to match the stain.
No good filler seems yet to have been devised for packing grapes in California.
The profits from the fillers are never large, scarcely pay for the extra work, and if the permanent vines are stunted, the filler must be put down as a liability rather than as an asset.
Too often the filler vines are left a year too long with the result that the permanent vines are checked in growth for several years following.
After 1 week she gave out the order to the order filler and packer.
Commando is a description which we more or less gave because we have another 2-inch gun at a higher price and, in order that the order filler is able to identify between the two types, we have this type described as Commando.